No matter how hard we try, we are all prone to making grammatical mistakes in our everyday speech. Even though we might know what the correct usage of the term be, we somehow jumble it up as the words come out of our mouths. Grammatical mistakes are unforgivable as you start advancing in your career and are faced with situations where you need to speak up or do a presentation. They are considered equally wrong whether written or verbal. Sometimes it might happen you are listening to a sentence with grammatical mistakes, and it irks your ears, but you don’t know what the correct usage is. We not only mess up the singular-plural aspect of the sentence, but also the tenses. Mixing up past, present and future interchangeably, cause blunders to our speech. We often feel bad when people point out these mistakes we make. So why don’t you take a look at the following article and try to correct yourself without any outside interference. There are so many common grammatical mistakes that people make all around the world that it is impossible to jot them down in a single go. Here are some of our hand-picked common mistakes made in English language that might help you.
#1 Who vs Whom
This is probably the commonest of grammatical mistakes made worldwide. Let us dig deeper to its grammatical roots and see why its so wrong to use them interchangeably. “Who” is a subjective pronoun whereas “Whom” is an objective pronoun. Pronouns like “he, she, it, we, they” can be replaced with the subjective pronoun “who”. Similarly, pronouns like “him, her, it, us, they” are to be replaced with the objective pronoun “whom”. Using these two terms signifies whether you are referring to the subject or the object of the sentence. Every time you think you are in doubt, simply substitute or replace the “whom” with the pronoun.
#2 Your vs You’re
To put it simply, “your” is the possessive pronoun of the word “you”. It is used when something is related to the second-person singular “you”. For example, “your hat” or “your house”, these mean that the house or the hat belong to the person representing “you”. Whereas, “You’re” is the shorthand used for “you are”. It is unimaginable how much people mistake these two poles apart words.
#3 Whether vs If
It is wrong to presume that these two words can be interchangeably used. They most certainly cannot. The term “whether” implies that there is a sort of condition or alternative available. But the term “if” means there are no conditions or alternatives. For example, “Let me know if there is any more cake left” means that the person should be called only when there is cake, otherwise he shouldn’t be bothered, in other words, there is no alternative to the cake. Similarly, “Let me know whether there is cake or not” would mean that the person should be notified either way. If there is any, he should be notified, if there is not, he should be notified. There is a condition, an alternative available here. Take a look at the following example so that you don’t make these grammatical mistakes again.
#4 Its vs It’s
This is much like “your” and “you’re” but still we will explain to you how they are not exchangeable and are huge grammatical mistakes . If you are using the term “it is” then use the apostrophe “it’s”. If you are using it to refer to something that “it” possess, then use “its”. the following example will make it clearer.
#5 There vs Their
These are another two words that have been substituted for each other millions of times. “There” is a place that is not “here”. Whereas “Their” is something that is pertaining to “them”.
Incorrect – It is there house.
Correct – It is their house.
#6 Incorrect use of the article “the”
Do not be surprise if you see people around you mistaking “the” in their sentences. It is probably the most basic mistake one could make. As we all know, articles are used before words and they are “a”, “an” and “the”. “An” is used before any vowel, “a” is used before all consonants. “The” is used before specific nouns, which are NOT proper nouns. Proper nouns are names of people or places. You cannot, ever, say ‘The Paris’ or ‘The John’. You have to use “the” before names of rivers, oceans, seas, points on the globe, geographical areas, deserts and forests. You need to omit it before names of languages or nationalities, sports and academic subjects.
Incorrect – I like to play the cricket.
Correct – I like to play cricket.
Incorrect – I like the Indians a lot.
Correct – I like Indians a lot.
#7 Grammatical Mistakes in Subject-Verb Agreement
The subject of a sentence is the main idea or the main actor. The verb is the action of the subject in use. The latter has to conform to the former in number (singular/plural). For example, the city is singular, so the verb following the subject “city” has to be singular too. “Half the city is sleeping” is grammatically correct. Whereas, “The crowd are getting restless” is grammatically incorrect as the term “crowd” is a collective noun which is singular.
Also, when you use words like “none”, “some”, “any”, “most” or “many”, you need to pay a lot of attention to what follows these prepositional phrases. For example, “None of you have brought the copy” is a grammatical error. The term “none” here is singular, so automatically, the verb following it has to be singular too. The correct answer is “None of you has brought the copy”. Similarly, “All of you has the copy” is wrong because “all” is plural. “All of you have the copy” is grammatically correct. “Some of the actors is really good” is wrong, whereas “Some of the actors are really good” is correct. “One of my friends are coming” is also wrong, “One of my friends is coming” is correct.
#8 What is “I didn’t knew”?
It is painful to the ears to hear this grammatically incorrect sentence. Why is it wrong? The term “didn’t” is already past-tense, why add “knew” (the past-tense of ‘know’) to it? Placing two past-tense terms next to each other is the most unforgivable of all grammatical mistakes.
#9 Some commonly confused words in the English language
There are so many words in the English vocabulary that sound so much like another word. In our daily lives, we have made these words switch with the other word at least once. The following is a list of words which are sometimes mistakenly used for the other.
Except and Accept
They have been interchanged so many times in the history of English language. Let us see what they mean, “except” means not including, and “accept” means agreement.
Lose and Loose
“Lose” means to have lost something. “Loose” means something that is not tight, most commonly used for clothing.
Advice and Advise
“Advise” is the verb which means “to give an opinion or counsel to someone”. “Advice” is the noun which means “a recommendation or or opinion offered to guide an action”.
Also Read: 10 Commonly Mispronounced Words
#10 True Fact vs False Fact
This is an extremely common mistake made by so many of us. Something you need to remember, a fact is a fact, it’s neither true nor false. So when you say “It is a true fact that such event took place”, it is wrong. Because it is fact that the event took place. Something you can use to outwit your friends!
#11 Use of Double Comparatives and Superlatives
You must have seen people around you saying “This is more better” or “It was the bestest day ever!”, these have major grammatical flaws. Let’s brush your memory, the comparative term of “hot” is “hotter”, and the superlative term is “hottest”. You CANNOT use two comparatives or superlatives in the same sentence. If you think using a superlative before another one will add more weight to your sentence, it does, it weighs it down. It is extremely off-putting and wrong. These examples will make it clearer for you.
Incorrect – This is more better than that.
Correct – This is better than that.
Incorrect – My daddy is the bestest!
Correct – My daddy is the best!
These are some of the most common grammatical errors made by us in our everyday life. Hope these help you correct yourself without facing the public embarrassment. We all know someone who is a “Grammar Nazi” and these small tips will help you in any verbal combats with them. Do comment and share!