Let’s stop and think for a moment that from where do we get the concept of counselling, psychiatry or psychology…all these terms and theories we owe to only one man, Sigmund Freud. He has developed a number of theories throughout his life and when studied carefully it has been seen that these theories are very common and are something which we use in our day to day life. It’s just that most of the time we tend to overlook them. On his 160th birth anniversary let’s take a quick look at some of his theories:
#1 The Conscious, Preconscious and the Unconscious Mind
Freud has described this theory in the form of an iceberg where the tip of the iceberg is the conscious mind, consisting of thoughts that focus our attention; the middle part shows the preconscious mind, consisting of thoughts that can be retrieved from memory and the lower part, the unconscious where the processes for most of the behaviour lies.
#2 The Psyche
Based on human nature Freud has developed a structural model of our mind the id, ego and the super ego. Id is the instincts which our mind generally gets to fulfil any particular desire which they are unable to do for a long time. Superego for example can make a person feel guilty if rules are not followed. When there is conflict between the goals of the id and superego, the ego must act as a referee and mediate this conflict. The ego can deploy various defence mechanisms to prevent it from becoming overwhelmed by anxiety.
#3 Dream Analysis
Freud interpreted dream as anything or the power of our active subconscious mind. Most of the time we dream about those things that we have always wished for or we are thinking very deeply about them. Analysing dreams properly can many a time give a proper solution to the problems.
#4 Defense Mechanism
Defense mechanism was introduced by Freud to deal with the problems and conflicts in life. This mechanism works at an unconscious level of mind. For example, if you have faced something bad recently any good thing will make you feel better.
#5 Theory of Love
A person in love starts giving more value to that particular person or thing he is in love with. They even start suspecting at minor things. In most cases it is seen that they are even afraid to portray their love with the fear of getting rejected.