India has a rich cultural history with marvellous architecture, great riches and valiant rulers. Here is a list of 5 magnificent forts in India which are a sight for sore eyes.
#1 Murud Janjira, Maharashtra
Murud Janjira is one of the strongest marine forts of India and the only unconquered one along India’s western coast. Murud-Janjira Fort is situated on an oval-shaped rock off the Arabian Sea coast and 26 rounded bastions, still intact. The fort was originally built in the 15th century on a smaller scale by a local Maratha-Fisherman Chieftain, Rajaram Patil, to protect his people from pirates/ thieves, and the fort was known as “Medhekot”.
#2 Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh
Built in the 8th century by Man Singh Tomar it is enclosed by tall sandstone walls. It has two entry gates- Hathi Pol and Badalgarh Gate. The fort houses many temples, water tanks and palaces. Teli Ka Mandir is one of the oldest part of this fort. It was initially dedicated to Lord Vishnu but later a Linga was constructed to worship Lord Shiva.
#3 Chittorgarh Fort, Rajasthan
Chittorgarh Fort is located in Rajasthan, India and was built in the 7th century by Mauryan rulers. It has been declared a World Heritage Site. The fort houses about 4 memorial sites, 4 palaces, 20 main temples and more than 15 water bodies. The fort has been defeated three times and about 13,000 Rajput women have committed Jauhar to save their honour.
#4 Kangra Fort, Himachal Pradesh
The Kangra Fort is located near Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh, India. The oldest mention of this fort is available in the chronicles of Alexander The Great. It has also been talked about in Mahabharata. Kangra Fort was built by Katoch Dynasty. Many statues and shrines of Goddess Ganga, Yamuna and Lakshmi are present. Near the entrance gate is a museum where artefacts realted to the history of Kangra Fort are present.
#5 Golconda Fort, Telangana
Acccording to the legend, initially a mud fort was built at this place where a shepherded once reported the presence of an idol. Later on, this huge fort was constructed at its place. This fort had the reputation of standing victorious after every war, except when a traitor allowed Aurangzeb to capture the fort. The main attraction here is the acoustic effects. It is said that if you clap near the entrance, the sound can be heard even a kilometre away.