Doctors are considered as god because they can able to save the life of the people. Just like doctors the common man also can save the life of a patient if he knows the CPR technique. If someone’s heartbeat has been stopped abruptly then you can use the Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation technique to save their life. You can do this if you cannot reach the hospitals immediately or if the patient is really in a critical situation. So learn the Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation training course and help the affected people.
#1 Use Your Hands to Do Chest Compressions
You can start doing Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation technique with thirty chest compressions. If you are an untrained person then you can do the chest compression at a rate of hundred times a minute.
If the heart stops its function then the oxygenated blood could not reach all parts of the body and cause brain damage. So the person could die within ten minutes. CPR will help to restore the normal heart rhythm of a person and it will help for an uninterrupted blood flow to the brain and other parts of the body.
Note: The untrained person should not do rescue breathing.
#2 Things You Should Keep in Mind
- Check whether the person is conscious or unconscious?
- If the person does not respond then you can start doing CPR for a minute.
- If you are a trained person and automated external defibrillator is available with you then you can use it and can give one shock.
- To remember the CPR steps easily just spell the acronym of CAB. It denotes chest compressions, check the airway and follow the breathing technique. Let us see about CAB in detail.
#3 Chest Compression to Restore the Blood Circulation
- You have to place the person with his back touching a firm surface
- Sit or kneel down next to the person’s neck and shoulders
- Place your hand over the chest. The hands should be in the center of the chest and between the nipples.
- Keep your other hand on top of the first hand and your elbows should be kept straight.
- Your shoulders should be directly above your hands.
- You need to use your body weight when you push down or when you are doing chest compression.
- For a minute you have to do hundred chest compressions.
Note: If you are an untrained person or if you have no clue when to stop the CPR then continue doing it until you find any positive response from the person or till a doctor attend the patient.
#4 You Should Clear the Airway of the Patient
- You can do this only if you have completed doing thirty chest compressions for the affected person.
- Place your palm on the person’s forehead and tilt the head back.
- Use your other hand to lift the chin forward. This will open the airway.
- If you have done it properly and if the patient is recovering then you can hear a normal breathing sound and movement in the chest of the affected person.
- Do not spend more than five seconds to check whether the person is recovering or not.
- Still if the person is not breathing normally then you can begin mouth to mouth breathing technique. Do this only if you are trained in CPR.
Note: If you are not trained in mouth to mouth breathing technique and if the person is unconscious due to heart attack then do only chest compressions and avoid doing mouth to mouth breathing technique.
#5 Learn the Rescue Breathing Technique
Mouth to mouth breathing technique is commonly followed by the trained persons. In rare cases, mouth to nose breathing technique will be followed if the mouth of the person is injured. After you have cleared the airway for the patient shut the nostrils to follow the mouth to mouth breathing technique.
- You have to use your mouth to cover the mouth of the affected person.
- You have to give two rescue breathe. You should give the first rescue breathe for a second and watch the chest of the patient rises or not.
- If there is no movement in the chest then give the second breathe.
- In CPR technique one cycle is said to be completed only if you have finished the thirty chest compressions and two rescues breathe.
Note: Still if the patient has not recovered then use automated external defibrillator to give one shock. But only doctor’s and trained persons should do this step.
#6 Avoid Mistakes in Doing CPR
- You should not perform rescue breathing technique before doing chest compressions.
- You should not spend the time to check the pulse of the patient. Instead you should continue doing chest compressions until you find a positive response from the affected person.
- Your elbows should not be bent when you give chest compressions.
- Do not forget to get the help of a doctor or the emergency medical team
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